What does it mean to be “truly human?” In Christological Anthropology in Historical Perspective, Marc Cortez looks at the ways several key theologians—Gregory of Nyssa, Julian of Norwich, Martin Luther, Friedrich Schleiermacher, Karl Barth, John Zizioulas, and James Cone—have used Christology to inform their understanding of the human person. Based on this historical study, he concludes with a constructive proposal for how Christology and anthropology should work together to inform our view of what it means to be human.
Many theologians begin their discussion of the human person by claiming that in some way Jesus Christ reveals what it means to be “truly human,” but this often has little impact in the material presentation of their anthropology. Although modern theologians often fail to reflect robustly on the relationship between Christology and anthropology, this was not the case throughout church history. In this book, examine seven key theologians and discover their important contributions to theological anthropology.
Part One: An Empty Cipher 1. The Glory of Christ, the Image of God, and the Christological Orientation of Theological Anthropology Part Two: Centered on Christ through the Centuries 2. What is a 'Will'?: Maximus' Cosmological Christology and Human Volitionality 3. Prototype, Archetype, and Gender-type: Gregory of Nyssa and the Christological (De)gendering of the Human Person 4. Cross-Centered Vocation: The Theology of the Cross in Luther's Theological Anthropology 5. Consciousness of God, Awareness of Self: Schleiermacher's Reconstruction of the imitatio Christi 6. Summoned into Being: Body, Soul, and Eternal Election in Barth's Theology 7. Person, Persons, and Personhood: Zizioulas and the Ecclesial Nature of Humanity 8. The Black Christ: James Cone and the Race-ing of the Human Person Part Three: Tentative Steps Forward 9. Reforming Our Anthropological Vision: Some Concluding Thoughts on the Shape of a Christ-Centered Theological Anthropology